Laws, Rules, and Codes for Healthier Homes

Approaches Impacting Existing Homes

Table 1: Comparison of Regulatory Approaches to Healthy Homes

  Housing/Property Maintenance Code Healthy/Sanitation Code Landlord/Tenant Law Product Standards Hazard Management Law
National Requirements Yes, for federally-assisted housing. No for other housing. NO Lead disclosure and fair housing. Yes, for specific products and general standards Yes, for specific hazards such as pesticides, lead, and asbestos.
State Requirements Several states Several States Most States Yes, for pesiticides. All must be consistent with federal. Generally, yes for specific hazards in addition to federal such as carbon monoxide and radon.
Local Requirements Common, except in rural areas. Common, but limited scope Common in large urban areas Uncommon Larger community for specific hazards in addition to federal and state.
Current National Models Yes, International Property Maintenance Code IPMC) NO Yes, Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (URLTA) Industry Consensus Standards Federal government and some associations issue guidelines to address specific hazards.
For More Information  Housing Quality Standards

American Public Health Association 1938 Principles  URLTA  Product Standards  Hazard Management Standards; EPA's RRP Rule


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